As it goes without saying, “change is the only constant of life.” Humans work in a collaboration to bring constant change that can benefit society in many different ways. One of the biggest transformations in the automobile industry is the introduction of electric vehicles.
Electric cars – the name says it all! EVs seem to be the future of the automotive industry. With the continuous advancement in technological developments around the globe, the automobile sector has seen a variety of changes. But if you ask for a change that has revolutionized transport, the short and simple answer would be none other than electric vehicles.
From sports cars to utility cars, from trucks to sedans and SUVs, almost every variety of car has an electric version available on the market.
If you want to understand how the EVs or electric vehicle works and what the difference is between an electric car and a petrol or gas car, then you are in the right place. This article will surely help you get all your questions answered in no time.
Before we get started with how an electric vehicle works, you must know the background of the E-cars. Here is what you need to know.
Basically, the electric car is what the name suggests – an electric car. An electric car (often known as an electric vehicle) is a vehicle that includes an electric motor that drives the car.
A fully electric car that does not run on other fuels such as petrol or diesel is purely made up of an electric engine.
To put it in simple words, EVs are vehicles powered by electrical energy and function similar to a diesel or hydrogen vehicle.
Now that you know what an electric car means, it is obvious to ask how they function. Here is what we know…
How do electric vehicles work?
There are multiple answers to questions such as how electric vehicle operates. Depending upon the car brand and futuristic concept car, the functioning of the electric vehicle may vary. But the basic principle is one and the same.
All-electric vehicles consist of an electric motor rather than a combustion engine or diesel combustion chamber. These cars use a large traction battery made up of certain chemical compounds, namely, lithium-ion batteries.
This means that there is no engine in an electric car other than the motor and battery. In order to understand how the electric car functions, it is important to know how the electric car derives fuel or energy in simple words.
How an electric car gets its fuel?
It is no brainer that electric cars function when you plug in the charger. The car then recharges its lithium-ion battery and stores the energy in the form of electricity. The key role of the battery is to store the electricity in the form of chemical energy and power the electric motor, which further turns the wheel of the electric car.
Functioning of an electric vehicle – What drives an electric car?
Electric vehicles are similar to automatic cars; they have a reverse and forward mode without any gear. When you hit the accelerator pedal, these are the things that happen in the meantime.
- Power stored in the form of chemical energy is converted from DC battery to AC electrical energy in order to power the electric motor present in the car.
- The accelerator pedal signal the controller (which controls and regulates the car speed) to adjust the vehicle speed simply by changing the flow of AC power from the battery to the motor.
- The electric motor (connected with the wheels of the vehicle) turns with the help of a cog.
- When the driver applies breaks, or when the car is decelerating, the motor then becomes an alternator. This means that the motor is now spending back the power to the battery for efficiency.
- A key thing to note here is that the electric motor derives power from the controller. And the controller gets its power from multiple or single rechargeable batteries mounted on the vehicle itself.
Popular Car brands are working extensively on electric car technology to boost innovation and come up with better ways to electric power vehicles. While most car manufacturers are focusing on how to improve the efficiency of EVs, some car brands are prioritizing new Electric car concepts which can revolutionize how they function.
Unlike diesel cars or vehicles running on CNG and petrol, the Electric Vehicle uses electric power to move the vehicle back and forth. The EVs, sometimes also known as the battery-powered vehicle, is a great way to reduce environmental pollution.
Apart from that, developments are being made today where electric cars are nearing the standards where they can be considered as some of the best alternatives to different types of vehicles existing in the car market.